Orbicularis Bi-Pedicle flap: A single-staged surgical technique for the reconstruction of large and shallow, upper or lower eyelid defect


Original Article

Author Details : Sameera Irfan*

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 17-24

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijooo.2021.005



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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the usefulness of orbicularis bi-pedicle flap, a simple surgical technique to reconstruct shallow, upper or lower eyelid defects with loss of more than two-thirds of the lid tissue.
Materials and Methods: This prospective interventional study was conducted at a two tertiary referral centers in Lahore, Pakistan from Jan 2011 - Dec 2018. 17 consecutive cases were included: 4 primary, 9 with recurrent tumour and 4 secondary cases with an excised tumour and eyelid defect. The upper lid was affected in 6 cases and lower lid in 11 cases.
The median age of patients was 62 years (range 45 - 71 years), with 9 female and 8 male patients. The posterior lamella was reconstructed by mobilising forniceal conjunctiva while donor sclera was used to replace the tarsus. To reconstruct anterior lamella, orbicular bi-pedicle flap was mobilised, covered by a free skin graft.
Post-operative follow-up was after 1, 2 weeks and then after 1, 3, 6 months and 1 year. At each visit, functional, aesthetic, visual outcome and patient satisfaction was assessed.
Results: Patient satisfaction was 100%. Lagophthalmos in 3 cases (27%), 2 mm lid retraction in 2 cases (18%) following upper lid reconstruction. No complication noted after lower lid reconstruction.
Conclusions: Orbicularis bi-pedicle flap is a simple, single-staged technique, with short learning curve and minimal complications. It is particularly useful in single-eyed patients.

Keywords: Lid reconstruction, Lid tumor excision, Lid margin defects, Orbicularis bipedicle flap.


How to cite : Irfan S , Orbicularis Bi-Pedicle flap: A single-staged surgical technique for the reconstruction of large and shallow, upper or lower eyelid defect. IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty 2021;7(1):17-24


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



Article History

Received : 20-03-2021

Accepted : 05-04-2021

Available online : 28-04-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijooo.2021.005


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