A clinical study of vitamin d supplementation in diabetic retinopathy patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus


Original Article

Author Details : Rani Sujatha M.A, Ranjitha KC*

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 64-67

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijooo.2021.013



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Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the effect of supplementation of Vitamin D in delaying the progression of diabetic retinopathy (DR), and its use as a predictor for the severity of Diabetic Retinopathy.
Materials and Methods: 100 patients with type 2 diabetes melitus and diabetic retinopathy were included in this retrospective study which was carried out at the vitreoretinal services, department of ophthalmology at DR B.R Ambedkar medical college and hospital over a period of 1 year.
Results: Out of 100 patients, 59 were males and 41 were females. At 3 months, no progression noted in moderate, severe and very severe NPDR. However in control group 20% progressed to high risk PDR which is not found in cases. It was statistically significant (p value < 0> Conclusions: From the results of the study we can conclude that oral supplementation of Vitamin D in addition to the recommended treatment with photocoagulation, delays the progression of severe, very severe and early PDR. Our study demonstrated that low levels of vitamin D may be a risk marker of development or progression of diabetic retinopathy.

Keywords: Diabetic retinopathy vitamin D, Diabetic millitus.


How to cite : M.a R S, Ranjitha Kc, A clinical study of vitamin d supplementation in diabetic retinopathy patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty 2021;7(1):64-67


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



Article History

Received : 11-03-2021

Accepted : 13-03-2021

Available online : 28-04-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijooo.2021.013


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