Prevalence of dry eyes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus having meibomian gland dysfunction


Original Article

Author Details : Rani Sujatha M A, Sannidhi BJ*

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 68-70

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijooo.2021.014



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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to know the prevalence of dry eyes in patients with Type 2 Diabetes mellitus having meibomian gland dysfunction.
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in patients visiting tertiary care hospital. This study included a total of 200 patients presenting with ocular discomfort, with history of Type 2 Diabetes mellitus. The patients were assessed for Meibomian gland dysfunction by noting the symptoms under slit lamp examination. Dry eyes were suspected on the basis of history including ocular discomfort, redness, blurred vision, gritty eyes and other sensation that improved with blinking. The examination for the dry eye was done using schirmer’s test and tear break up time.
Results: A total of 130 out of 200 enrolled patients had meibomian gland dysfunction. The most common symptom being dryness(55%), foreign body sensation(30%), redness(10%), gritty sensation(5%).
Conclusion: The above study shows that the incidence of dry eyes is more in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus having Meibomian gland dysfunction.
Meibomian glands are important contributors for maintenance of healthy ocular surface. Meibomian gland dysfunction can cause qualitative and quantitative alteration in meibum with negative impact on the ocular surface.

Keywords: Dry eye, Meibomian gland dysfunction.


How to cite : Rani Sujatha M A, Sannidhi Bj, Prevalence of dry eyes in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus having meibomian gland dysfunction. IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty 2021;7(1):68-70


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



Article History

Received : 12-03-2021

Accepted : 16-03-2021

Available online : 28-04-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijooo.2021.014


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