Comparative analysis of the post-operative anti-inflammatory effect of topical 0.1% dexamethasone sodium eye drops, topical 1% prednisolone acetate eye drops and difluprednate 0.05% topical eye drops after small incision cataract surgery at a tertiary eye care institute in India


Original Article

Author Details : Mahesh Babu, Abhilash B*

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 71-76

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijooo.2021.015



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Abstract

Background & Objectives: Comparative analysis of the post-operative anti-inflammatory effect of topical 0.1% dexamethasone sodium eye drops, topical 1% prednisolone acetate eye drops and difluprednate 0.05% topical eye drops after small incision cataract surgery at a tertiary eye care institute in India. 
Materials and Methods: The current study was a prospective randomised control study conducted from June 2019 to January 2021 at a tertiary eye care institute in India after taking due clearance from the institutional ethical committee. 300 eyes of 215 patients were enrolled into the study and divided into three groups consisting of 100 eyes in each group. Group A patients received topical Dexamethasone 0.1% eye drops, group B & C received Prednisolone acetate 1% and difluprednate 0.05% eye drops respectively. Level of significance was kept at p<0> Results: Baseline IOP values between the three groups did not show any statistical significance. Significant difference in the analgesia was observed in the difluprednate 0.05% group. AC cells & flare was decreased by around the 7th day of treatment in difluprednate and prednisolone acetate eye drops treated groups. 
Conclusion: To conclude our study opines that, dexamethasone is non-inferior and equally efficacious to prednisolone and difluprednate in the management of post cataract surgery inflammation. Although difluprednate 0.05% provides superior analgesia and early clearance of AC cells & flare, which may further aid in early visual rehabilitation and recovery.

Keywords: Difluprednate, Prednisolone, AC cells, Flare, IOP.


How to cite : Babu M , Abhilash B, Comparative analysis of the post-operative anti-inflammatory effect of topical 0.1% dexamethasone sodium eye drops, topical 1% prednisolone acetate eye drops and difluprednate 0.05% topical eye drops after small incision cataract surgery at a tertiary eye care institute in India. IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty 2021;7(1):71-76


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



Article History

Received : 15-01-2021

Accepted : 06-02-2021

Available online : 28-04-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijooo.2021.015


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