Ocular manifestations in road traffic accidents


Original Article

Author Details : Rani Sujatha M.A, Syed Saifullah Bokhari*

Volume : 7, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 157-162

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijooo.2021.031



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Abstract

Aim: Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are the most common cause of polytrauma. This study aims to evaluate the various ocular manifestations in cases of RTAs.
Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of patients who were treated for RTAs in a tertiary hospital in 6 months from December 2018 to May 2019. A total of 126 patients were reviewed. Age ranged from 2 to 85 years. The mean age was 32 years.
Results: Ophthalmological examination was undertaken in all patients involved in RTA. Out of 126 patients, 112 were males and 14 were females. Young adult males (21-30 years) were most vulnerable to RTAs. Soft tissue injuries were the most common manifestations (57.93%) followed by neuro-ophthalmic manifestations (26.98%) and orbital fractures (15.07%). The presence of CT abnormalities especially intra cranial haemorrhage was associated with neuro-ophthalmic deficits.
Conclusions: Soft tissue injuries were the most common ocular manifestations. It was found that head trauma causes many neuro-ophthalmic manifestations. Relative afferent pupillary defect (RAPD) was the most common neuro-ophthalmic manifestation. The most common cranial nerve involved was found to be oculomotor nerve. Retrobulbar neuritis was a rare finding.

Keywords: Road traffic accidents, Head injury, Soft tissue injuries, Orbital fractures, Neuro Ophthalmic, manifestations.


How to cite : M.a R S, Bokhari S S, Ocular manifestations in road traffic accidents. IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty 2021;7(2):157-162


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 07-03-2021

Accepted : 11-03-2021

Available online : 24-07-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijooo.2021.031


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