Glaucoma characteristics evaluation in myopia – A clinical study


Original Article

Author Details : Helen Rosita J*, Gnanaselvan J, Amudhavadivu S, Anna Kurian Mullasseril

Volume : 7, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 195-199

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijooo.2021.038



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Abstract

Introduction: Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible blindness, one of the risk factor recognised being high myopia. Intra ocular pressure may be normal in myopic patients, with optic nerve head glaucoma characteristics. Eye ball elongation and optic nerve head tilting may be present in patients with high myopia that will represent field defects mimicking glaucoma. Treating patients with myopia having suspected aspects of glaucoma may be a challenge but even more challenging is the diagnosis of glaucoma in myopic patients.
Aims: To evaluate the association of glaucoma features with myopia. To create the awareness regarding the long term follow up.
Materials and Methods : Patients in the age group of 15 to 45 years who had attended our institution over a period of one year who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria were subjected for this study. Fifty four patients who were diagnosed to have moderate or high degree myopia were selected for this analytical study. They were subjected to vision, ocular examination, tonometry and results obtained were analysed.
Results : In our study moderate myopes constituted 55.5% and high myopes were 44.5%. The mean Intra ocular pressure and the mean corrected Intra ocular pressure in high myopes were observed to be higher than in moderate myopia. It was observed that higher prevalence of glaucoma was observed in high myopes.
Conclusion : There is a clinically as well as statistically significant difference between mean Intra ocular pressure and mean corrected Intra ocular pressure. So mean corrected Intra ocular pressure should be measured .From our study, there is a clear indication that there is increased prevalence of glaucoma in high myopes.
 
Keywords: High myopia, Moderate myopia, Intraocular pressure, Glaucomatous optic disc changes, Visual field charts


How to cite : Helen Rosita J, Gnanaselvan J, Amudhavadivu S, Mullasseril A K, Glaucoma characteristics evaluation in myopia – A clinical study. IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty 2021;7(2):195-199


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)





Article History

Received : 10-10-2020

Accepted : 08-02-2021

Available online : 24-07-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijooo.2021.038


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