Diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma: A diagnostic conundrum

Case Report

Author Details : Aditi Mehta, Dipankar Das, Kasturi Bhattacharjee, Manabjyoti Barman, Ganesh Chandra Kuri, Hemlata Deka, Harsha Bhattacharjee*, Nilutparna Deori, Vatsalya Venkatraman, Apurba Deka

Volume : 7, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 204-206


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Purpose: Diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma (DIR) is characterized by absence of intraocular mass, lack of calcification. It may mimic inflammatory uveitis or exudative retinopathy.
Observations: An eight-years-old boy presented with progressive loss of vision in left eye. Clinical evaluation revealed neovascular glaucoma with a yellow–gray fundal glow, exudative retinal detachment, subretinal exudation and telangiectatic vessels. The presentation was consistent with exudative retinopathy (Coat’s disease) but for the presence of a family history of retinoblastoma in the younger sibling. Despite the absence of an intraocular mass or calcification on multimodal imaging, the enucleation was done on the basis of clinical suspicion of retinoblastoma. Histopathology confirmed a diagnosis of DIR.
Conclusions : DIR can pose a diagnostic challenge due to its non-characteristic clinical and imaging features and atypical presentation. A high index of suspicion along with a positive family history was key to diagnosis in our case; histopathology was confirmatory.
Keywords: Retinoblastoma, Diffuse infiltrating, Leukocoria, TNM staging, Hereditary retinoblastoma

How to cite : Mehta A, Das D, Bhattacharjee K, Barman M, Kuri G C, Deka H, Bhattacharjee H, Deori N, Venkatraman V, Deka A, Diffuse infiltrating retinoblastoma: A diagnostic conundrum. IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty 2021;7(2):204-206

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Int J Ocul Oncol Oculoplasty. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)

Article History

Received : 06-06-2021

Accepted : 18-06-2021

Available online : 24-07-2021

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